María De Los Ángeles Alvariño González; A Great Biologist

Mara De Los Angeles Alvario González grew up in a small town on the coast of Galicia and dedicated her life to the ocean and its studies. She became interested in its knowledge and research through the distribution of journals. There is only one mention of Alvario in “Encyclopedia of World Scientists,” a publication featuring the world’s thousand most essential scientists.

Galicia’s most eminent scientist, oceanographer Mara De Los Angeles Alvarez, passed away ten years ago. In 2005, the University of La Corua sponsored a Week of Science in her honor to commemorate her 1993 Silver Medal from the Xunta de Galicia.

Mara De Los Angeles Alvario González left the Municipal Archives of La Corua a substantial scientific legacy despite spending most of her research career overseas. The Galician scientific community celebrated that one of her daughters had contributed to a better understanding of the ocean that bathes her coast several years ago.

The Beginnings of an Internship

She was born on October 3, 1916, in Serantes, Ferrol. Her father was a well-known physician, and her mother was a pianist. Mara De Los Angeles Alvaro González learned to read at three, and her mother taught her piano and music theory.

Ella loved reading, especially the natural history books her father kept in their library. At the University of Santiago de Compostela, she studied Science and Letters, finishing her career with Social Insects and Women in Don Quixote.

A Spanish Civil War outbreak forced her to return to her hometown in 1936 to continue studying Natural Sciences. In a short time, she acquired English, French, and German skills, and she became interested in the Galician coast.

In 1934, he went to Madrid to study Natural Sciences, but the Civil War closed the classrooms, so he returned to Galicia. The time he spent in school was crucial to his future scientific career abroad because he learned French and English. Mara De Los Angeles Alvario González continued her studies despite the war and graduated in 1941.

Studying Again

In 1996, when she was 32, she returned with her husband, a military sailor stationed in Madrid, and enrolled as a fellow at the Spanish Institute of Oceanography (IEO). Two years after earning her doctorate, she began studying zooplankton at Vigo’s IEO lab.

 Following the end of the conflict and the reopening of the universities, she resumed her studies at the Complutense University of Madrid. The Spanish Institute of Oceanography (IEO) welcomed her as a fellow after she completed her university studies.

She was allowed on their team even though women weren’t allowed at the time due to the quality of her research. At the Vigo Oceanographic Center in 1952, she began studying zooplankton (tiny organisms of animal origin that make up marine plankton).

Recognition on a global scale

The work of Maria De Los Angeles Alvario González on marine fouling in ship hulls, zooplankton, and fisheries was brilliant at the time and did not go unnoticed internationally. In 1953, she became the first woman scientist to board a British research ship when she received a British Council fellowship to work at Plymouth Laboratory.

Mara De Los Angeles Alvario González’s work on marine fouling, zooplankton, and fisheries was highly regarded at the time.

It was awarded to her in 1953 by the British Council to study zooplankton at Plymouth Laboratory. The first female scientist would board a British research vessel.

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Massachusetts, in the United States, granted her a Fulbright Commission grant for her research in 1956.

Scripps Institution

It was conducted under the supervision of zooplanctologist Mary Sears. The Galician’s work inspired her greatly. It wasn’t until 1970 that she would leave Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla, California.

I started these experiments with the collections we had obtained. As Mara De Los Angeles Alvario González recalled in an interview, “during my arrival at Scripps Institution, I found an ocean of plankton samples to study.”

The chaetognaths of the Atlantic, their distribution, and important notes on systematics were my dissertation upon completing my Ph.D. in biology in 1967. The work covers his research from 1952 to 1965 and recreates more than thirty species with detailed illustrations.

World’s Highest Honor

Mara De Los Angeles Alvario González’ career was constantly evolving. Southwest Fisheries Science Center (NOAA) awarded her a prize for her research. Because of her position as a Research Biologist, she conducted several studies on albacores.

The albacore tuna, a blue fish, belonging to the tuna family, is commonly known as albacore or albacore tuna. Starting in 1976, she received numerous awards from international institutions such as UCSD, NPI, Panama University, and the National Autonomous University of Mexico.

Mara De Los Angeles Alvario González’s contributions to human marine biology can be seen in these honors and in her efforts and achievements that deserve to be celebrated. My visits to marine biology museums often allow me to see her excellent work.

You can customize a challenge coin to honor a scientist you admire if you are also an enthusiast of marine biology. They make great souvenirs for your collection and are excellent gifts to reward people for their achievements. Further, you can customize the enamel pins with no minimum, and any aquatic creature or fish can be made lifelike.

Professor of Mexican and San Diego Autonomous Universities

Mara De Los Angeles Alvario González’s career underwent constant changes. The famous expedition of Alejandro Malaspina (1789-1794) found birds and marine animals in its final study. The international institutions that have honored her since 1976 have given her several awards.

She continued to publish her findings and participate in worldwide expeditions after retiring in 1987. She was also an assistant or visiting professor at the Autonomous University of Mexico and San Diego (1979-1984) while working at the Mexican Polytechnic Institute.

The book “Spanish and the first oceanic scientific expedition,” published in the last few years, also publicized Spain’s scientific past.

Death of Maria de Los Angeles Alvario González

The day before she died in San Diego (California), she had just completed another manuscript on the study she had undertaken on birds during the Malaspina expedition.

His scientific contributions include more than a hundred articles printed in magazines and monographs concerning the history of Spanish expeditions, as well as 12 books and four chapters.

There are approximately 8.8 citations per year in the international bibliography, focusing on predatory plankton and its impact on fish eggs and larvae.

His detailed microscopic analysis of samples collected in remote areas like the Seas of Cortez (Mexico) and South China led to the description of 22 new planktonic species.

There are two species of Aidanosagitta calvariae; one is a chaetognath, and the other is a hydromedusa. Throughout her career, she gained expert knowledge of different predatory zooplankton groups, which shed light on specific water masses and ocean currents.

On February 24, 2012, the Armon Vigo Shipyard launched an oceanographic ship ordered by Angelis Leira Alvario, the scientist’s daughter.

The Conclusion

The expertise of Angelo Alvario in the field of zooplankton has established him as a leading expert. Galicia’s Royal Galician Academy of Sciences honored her on Science Day, which is celebrated on June 1.

The daughter of a prestigious scientist sponsored a similarly named oceanographic vessel launched in 2012. The ship was dedicated to the Spanish Institute of Oceanography in July of that year. The ocean secrets are being discovered by 15 other researchers adding to Alvario.

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